Recycled Tires: A New Way to Produce Aerogel

Rubber is a difficult material to recycle. For the most part it just sits in a landfill while only forty percent of it gets recycled. This is terrible for the environment. Tires are large and take over fifty years to biodegrade. Every six years we add more tires to the landfills when our tire wear out. If an individual is spending around sixty years driving, then they would have gone through around forty two tire in their lifetime.  

NUS Engineering has found a way to recycle that endless pile of rubber by turning it into aerogels. The light weight material has numerous applications giving new life to those old tires. By blending the used tires into smaller fibers, they can then soak it in water for twenty minutes. The solution is then freeze-dried to minus fifty degrees Celsius for twelve hours. During the freeze-drying process the mixture is suspended in a gelatin like structure.  

Aerogels have plenty of applications. They’re a lightweight porous substance that can insulate a wide range of temperatures. The lack of thermal conductivity is due to the gasses inability to have a free path in the gel like structure. Unlike other aerogels, the rubber mixture version is more sponge like making it great for cleaning up oil spills. The NUS Engineering’s version of aerogels can also absorb sound waves as well.

For the cost of ten dollars and about twelve hours of labor, that old worn-down rubber tire can be reused. With the large cumbersome tires out of the landfills, we will have less contaminates bleeding into nearby water ways. It’s would be a huge step towards a more sustainable world. Once implemented, we would only have to worry about plastics that take thousands of years to biodegrade. But, one pollution problem at a time  

For more information on rubber aerogels check out NUS NEWS

Times Are Tough

We’ve been hit hard with the Coronavirus. Businesses are closing and people are having a hard time staying a float. For most of us, we didn’t have jobs that can be done remotely, but there’s plenty of writing jobs out there. Writershelpwanted is one way to earn money at home while under quarantine. To learn more: click here

Coronavirus: Media Driven Hysteria

October 30th, 1938 The War of the Worlds was aired. The broadcast resulted in the first ever media driven mass hysteria. We like to think that we’ve moved passed that, but that truly isn’t the case. Every year there’s something new to panic over. SARS, the swine flu, the Ebola virus, Zika virus, and most recently the Coronavirus. Let’s face it, the media is bunch of companies trying to sell stories and what sells the most is fear.

The Coronavirus has been blown out of proportion. For most people it might even feel like the common cold when contracted, just with an added Bronchitis feeling. Some people may have already had it and not realized it. The Coronavirus has an incubation period of two to fourteen day which means one may be infected without realization. It spreads like any other seasonal pathogens too.

So, the real danger lies in how we use information. Never before have we been blasted with new stories than in the last fifteen years. Constantly driving home, the fear and mass panic of a new disease. Every social media page, every website, and television broadcast has cranked up the Coronavirus coverage. It’s bound to get clicks, page views, and video likes. Disinformation like never before, with added end of days zombie movie appeal.

It’s just the world we live in. With a constant barrage of information at our fingertips, we cling to the ones that have the most emotional impact. We look to the articles that could affect us the most. It’s a strange experience to watch the media cause such a reaction. But they kept reporting and selling fear and now everyone is an anxious mess over a virus that will have less impact than the flu. We need to check facts and make opinions for our selves and react accordingly. Despite being part of a digital hive mind, we need to think for ourselves.

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-nCoV/index.html

The Market in the Wake of the Coronavirus

The stock market has plummeted to extreme lows. It’s a scary time to invest. However when the media lays off the fear button, we can stand to earn more by investing. Think about that high return when it bounces back. One could start with a subscription to Trade Addicts when the time is right. For more information on how to navigate the stock market in such a dreadful time check them out: click here.

Vaccine Film: How the Coronavirus Vaccine will be Delivered

virus 3d illustration

No body likes needles. They’re painful and most people have a phobia towards them. Not only will it be hard to deliver the vaccination for the Coronavirus when the hard-working medical professionals make it, but getting everyone to get injected with it is a different story. It’s also hard to store vaccines on top of all that. So, getting people in third world countries vaccinated for the Coronavirus while they don’t have any power to refrigerate it is a nightmare.

The University of Texas has a solution in the form of a rapid dissolving film. Inspired by how fossilized amber seals in Jurassic mosquito and hard candy that dissolves in saliva, they’ve invented a method for trapping and suspending viruses in between two peel able strips. The strips are made from natural ingredients such as sugars and salts, but synthesized just right so it doesn’t kill the viruses or crystallize. It’s cheep to make and stores at room temperature.    

This is a huge break though especially in third world countries where a little over half the population’s mortality rates are due to infectious disease. With a cheap and easy to store vaccine in the works, they can greatly lower their funeral costs and live longer. Areas without power or remote villages can no longer be an obstacle when it comes to ridding the world of a plague.    

Sadly, we have to put up with needles until this new innovation comes our way. It’s going to take some time before they can perfect it. One day needles will be a thing of the past in the medical field, but still common place for heroin addicts. The future of vaccinations might be as easy as a priest slapping the body of Christ wafer on your tongue during a Sunday mass. Or big pharma could just stamp it out because it disrupts their bottom line.     

Vaccines without needles – new shelf-stable film could revolutionize how medicines are distributed worldwide

Taking Advantage of a Horrible Situation

The Coronavirus has made people go into a media driven hysteria. It’s been a commercial disaster for businesses around the world. However, there could be a light at the end of the tunnel. Once all the smoke has cleared, and the media hype has died, businesses will pick up again and stocks will begin to rise. Over the last few weeks, the stock market has hit a real low point almost like in 2008. Here’s where you can take advantage of this: with a subscription to Trade Addicts, you can wait for those stocks to start climbing again and buy them while they’re still low. If you want to start investing with their phenomenal around the clock services click here. Or if Forex is your thing then check out Bot’s Live Trading Room. There you have a community that can help you invest in the currencies that will make a comeback once the smoke the smoke has cleared. If you want to check them out then click here.

Fusion Energy: HB11

Our current energy sources can only take us so far. Scientists wish to get away from the traditional turbine type power plant system that we’ve been using for the last hundred years. Too long we’ve relied on water, the sun, or harnessing wind for energy. It’s time to harness the power of fusion and plasma.

In the past, fusion has been unstable. Fusion reactors can only maintain a spinning plasma doughnut for a few minutes before it unravels. It takes a great deal of heat and energy to start the reaction and some rare earth metals as well. The mineral of choice is typically radioactive.

HB11, an Australian company from the South Whales University, has come up with a radical new approach. Rather than trying to funnel plasma into a shape to potentially fuse it to become another element, they went with an easier approach. HB11 uses, well HB11 pellets. Their company name stems from boron B11 in combination with hydrogen. When placed in a cylinder, the HB11 pellets are excited with two 10-petawatt pulse lasers. One laser is used to create the plasma, the other one generates a magnetic field.  The hydrogen and boron atoms are turned into plasma and collide with each other to form helium and alpha particles. The alpha particles are then used to create electricity.      

It’s going to be at least another forty years before HB11 has a power plant up and running with a fusion chain reaction. Who knows, maybe they’ll get the funding they need and get it running in less time. In the meantime, making the world’s first fusion reactor seems to be a bit of a race. Other companies such as Tri-alpha energy, or LPPFusion have their own methods of generating a potential chain reaction with plasma as well.        

So, we have plenty to look forward to when it comes to fusion energy. An abundant energy source, multiple companies trying to make it happen, and the potential to get away from fossil fuels, means a cleaner world to pass on to the next generation.  At some point they may even find a way to scale the reactor size to fit on a space ship for deep space exploration.

Radical hydrogen-boron reactor leapfrogs current nuclear fusion tech

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AI and Medicine

We’ve advance so far in the medical field over the last hundred years, but doctors can only go so far with their extensive medical knowledge. With drug resistant bacteria and new viruses springing up all the time, the medical industry could use a helping hand. Machine learning is what big pharmaceutical companies and the top medical researchers have been looking into. Artificial intelligence could open up a new world of medical treatment with its ability to recognize patterns, ability to analyze patient DNA, and sift through thousands of documents on clinical trials.

Recently MIT’s AI was able to synthesize new drugs to combat antibiotic resistant bacteria such as Acinetobacter baumannii and Enterobacteriaceae. This is cutting edge because those two strains of bacteria were considered high priority pathogens by the World Health Organization. Halicin, the name of the AI, uses a deep learning algorithm to study pathogens and find what could safely eliminate them. The AI, with its vast library of medical data can then find the best way to make a new drug or series of treatments that best suit the patient.  

With Artificial intelligence comes new ways to pin point health issues. The pattern recognition abilities of learning machines can find infections and cancer faster than the average doctor. This is advantageous because it gives medical professionals more time to treat and cure an infection or disease before it can spiral out of control. The currently artificial intelligence algorithms have spotted problems in patients twelve hours sooner than their human counterparts. That half day period could mean life or death for someone who has a serious infection that could lead to shock.

With engineering and health organizations coming together, there’s a brighter tomorrow with what learning machines can do to help humanity. We might even see that science fiction medical bed that can quickly diagnose a person become reality. The advance surgery bed from Prometheus can be at our local hospital within the next twenty years for all we know. So long as the AI doesn’t go rampant, we could find ourselves in a world with fewer diseases.    

Powerful antibiotic discovered using machine learning for first time

Investing is Scary, But it Doesn’t Have to Be

Making your first investment is a daunting task. You don’t know what will work, who to trust, or what will survive a economic down turn. Most platforms can just throw you right into the stock market without any idea on how to invest or what to invest in. With Trading Addicts, they’ll give you the help you need to succeed. They provide more than just a trading platform, they provide help to new investors. Trading Addicts will help you make the right choice when it comes to investing. If you want to try them out: click here

NASA’S DART

The Earth can be destroyed at any moment and oddly enough, it probably won’t be our fault. This threat comes from outer space. Apollo asteroids or more commonly known as NEAs, (Near Earth Asteroids), may strike the planet one day causing a mass extinction. Thanks to Jupiter’s gravitational pull, an asteroid could be knocked from its orbit and sent towards us.

The Double Asteroid Redirection Test, (DART), will test NASA’s ability to change an asteroid’s orbit. Their main target is Didymos B. The Didymos asteroids provide a unique opportunity to observe changes in orbital periods, which is currently eleven point nine hours. The binary asteroids are about five million to seven million kilometers from Earth, just outside the asteroid belt making them easy targets for this test.   

DART will be launched in July 2021 when the Dydymos asteroids are at their closest point to Earth. The DART unmanned space craft will be strapped to a Falcon 9 rocket, (Thanks Elon), and launched into space. From there NASA’s Evolutionary Xenon Thrusters Commercial, (NEXT-C), will kick into gear using Roll-Out Solar Arrays to power the electric propulsion unit. After about a year it will reach its target and us it’s DRACO system, (Didymos Reconnaissance and Asteroid Camera), to guide it into Didymos B. While DART is colliding with the small moon, the Italian Space Agency’s LICIA Cube will document its impact.

Hopefully when 2022 hit’s and the tests are finished, we will be able to track then repel Apollo asteroids. The nightmarish hellscape of a molten planet doesn’t have to be our future. NASA and their many acronyms may one day have a defense array set up to keep us safe from meeting the same fate as the dinosaurs.

NASA DART 

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3 Advancements in Soft Robotics

It seems like taking a step backwards to go forward. We’ve made huge strides in clunky metal machines that it seems strange to take a step back and go a completely different route when it comes to robotics. With Soft robotics it’s a paradigm shift, but a logical one. Why not mimic creatures and their anatomy found in nature with artificial muscles that can expand and contract? It makes perfect sense and makes for a more fluid and natural moving machines.

1.HASEL has developed muscle like reactions from filling plastic bags with oil and uses a principle that James Maxwell discovered. Basically, if two charged plates are placed in a container of oil, then the oil will move a long the electric plates. What HASEL did with this is used plastic bags as the oil containers to create an expanding and contracting effect. When combined with multiple bags of oil and actuators it works just like muscles.

2.Organic Robotics Lab has a similar approach to HASEL, but they added a unique cooling method. They used a polymer known as hydro-gels that act like a spongy hydraulic. It carries liquid through the structure causing it to bend and move. While it heats up, the liquid leaks out causing the machine to perspire. Due to the fact that it can sweet, it also cools the machine down quicker that tradition fans.

3.Harvard, Sanford, and MIT have developed their own soft body robots. They rely on using a polymers structure with small empty chambers in them. The empty space can be pumped full of air creating movement. That movement can mimic muscles by inflating different locations on the robot’s body. It’s more like normal air hydraulics, but it has a similar effect.

Some robots are already implemented with a similar muscle structure like the soft body machines we’ve talked about. As an honorable mention: Kengoro a robot made by the University of Tokyo JSK Laboratories has the functionality of human muscles. It uses a pulley system and sixteen actuators to create movement much like that of human muscles. It also has the same sweating properties as the Organic Robotics Lab’s robot, but instead it uses an aluminum sponge to carry coolant. The coolant is released when the robot begins to overheat.

It’s exciting to see this kind of movement in robotics. The prospect of light weight flexible robots opens up the possibilities of these automatons adjusting to different environments. It’s amazing what the future can hold for these kinds of advancements. With less energy being output to just moving the machines, more energy can be used in their computing power. If we combined this with the AI robots who are just limited to being a stationary head with expressions, then there can be a huge leap in thinking, feeling, and mobile robots.

Let’s Talk About Investing

For most of us, retirement may never be an option. But with a bit of help, we can make it happen. First of all, just saving money is not going to get us too far, but with a Roth IRA, we can compound the interest of our savings and get more out of it. Not only that but if we choose to invest in stocks, we can put those stock dividend directly into that IRA and not have to pay taxes on it. When it comes to stocks, there’s a lot of different platforms, but I prefer to use Trading Addicts. Why not check them out for yourself: click here

Space: The Greatest Obstacle

Space is a vast, unending divide. It presents us with new obstacles such as black holes that just seem to wander throughout the galaxy. Other risks include: extremely hot clouds of plasma, space debris, supernovae, and gamma radiation. The universe is a sea of chaos and we are just a leaf floating in a typhoon. It’s hard to say when we’ll final leave this rock, but it’s going to take a lot of baby steps. Our first steps will be colonization and for that we need something that can generate enough propulsion to lesion the time it takes to travel between the nearest orbital bodies.

For the time being, chemical rockets are a great way to leave earths orbit. However, the fuel is cumbersome and adds to the problem. It takes more energy to move the space craft and all that heavy fuel. This adds precious days to a trip. This could me life or death if there’s a problem. Like the Apollo 13 mission, but they were lucky enough to survive.   

Ad Astra Rocket Company has been developing and alternate solution to the traditional chemical propulsion. They propose using a VASIMR engine that uses radio waves to ionize hydrogen gas and turn it into plasma. The plasma can be heated up to ten million degrees Celsius as it is directed via high powered magnets. The only issue is powering the engine. There are several options such as a small thorium reactor much like the ones used in planes during the cold war, or solar energy.

At our current rocket technology, seven months seems to be the average time it takes to get to Mars and three days to get to the Moon. In a friction-less environment, The VASIMR engine may cut that time down to a few hours for the moon and forty days to get to Mars. We can only wait and see what the future of space travel will hold for us. Scientists may even find a way to bend space and time by the end of our lives. The trip through the chaotic maelstrom that is our universe will be achievable one day, but until then, we just have to watch the waves hit our shore on this tiny rock.

Let’s Talk About Investing

Real estate prices have been on the rise since the housing market crashed in 2008. Typically you would need to flip houses to invest in real-estate, but there’s other ways to make money off of the housing market. You could invest through BirdDogBot and watch that interest grow. The real-estate market is typically way safer than something like stocks not to mention, if your just saving money in a typical savings account, then you’re only getting enough interest back to to match inflation. Make your money work for you by investing today. For more information: click here.

 

4 of the Most Useful Synthetic Elements

In the middle ages, legends of a philosopher’s stone that could turn lead into gold sparked the imaginations of the alchemist at the time. It wasn’t until the discovery of nuclear fusion that we made synthetic gold by blasting a proton out of a mercury atom. The result was a costly and radioactive version of gold. Manly different synthetic particles have been made in labs since the first atomic experiments. Most elements that are made in a lab only have a half life of a few seconds, but some of them are extremely useful.    

  1. Americium: it was first synthesized in 1944 during the first atomic test. Chances are, there’s some Americium in the smoke detectors around our houses. This is because the Alpha particles that radiates from Americium will causes the carbon particles to stick to the negative and positively charged pads in the smoke chamber. It slows the electric current and trips the alarm. Americium is radioactive but the alpha particles it emits can be shielded by skin. The worst it will do is kill some skin cells.      
  2. Technetium: More specifically Technetium 99. It was the first element to be synthesized in a lab and it was discovered in by two Sicilian scientists by the name of Carlo Pierre and Emilio Segre in 1937. Its main uses are in the medical field. When injected into a patient, Technetium 99 gives out a small dose of gamma radiation. It does it in a short enough amount of time to prevent any damage to living tissue. They use it to spot bone marrow cancer and to monitor blood flow.
  3. Promethium: It’s a radioactive isotope mainly synthesized in labs but can be found in the earth’s crust. It’s used mainly due to the fact it gives off beta radiation. Promethium is used in the radioactive batteries for guided missiles, pace makers, and used as a light source. The beta radiation is not very energetic and can easily be shielded making Promethium mostly safe.
  4. Tritium: Mostly used for the fact that it gives off a green glow. Like Promethium, it too gives off beta radiation. Tritium is a rare form of hydrogen with one proton and two neutrons it’s synthesized as a byproduct from nuclear fission. The element is commonly used in gun sights, watches, and exit signs for its self-powered lighting. Tritium is more dangerous that Promethium due to its gaseous state. If inhaled, Tritium could prove lethal.   

Most other Synthesized elements don’t have any practical uses other than to create heavier and more unstable elements. Once elements go past atomic number 94, they have shorter and shorter half-lives. They only serve to be observed at this point. We may not have found a philosopher stone, but the alchemists of the middle ages where on the right path and they’re drive gave way to chemist and eventually nuclear chemist that achieved their goals. What was once called transmutation is achievable with nuclear fission and particle accelerators.    

Let’s Talk About Investing.

33% of Americans have less that 5000$ saved up and if your money is in a typical savings account then it’s not gaining too much interest. The best way to accumulate wealth is by making your money work for you and the stock market is a valuable tool for growing wealth. For most of your life, your parents probably told you to stay away from stocks, that’s due to people losing all their money in the stock market in the depression and most likely it happened to someone your grandparents knew. But times have changed, and those who invested in the stock market before it crashed had all their money in it. Don’t be like them and only invest a portion of your money. If you want to know what stocks to invest in Grant Gigliotti can help.

Flash Proton Therapy

Radiation treatment is a long and painful process. It leaves many patients sick for months on end and barley able to eat anything. Not only does it damage normal tissue, but the cancer can become resistant. At most the survival rate for someone on chemo therapy over a five-year period is around forty-seven percent. It’s almost like surviving by a flip of a coin. However, with Flash Proton Therapy, the tumors are targeted directly.

Like a bullet from a sniper rife, it kills its target with little to no collateral damage. Using x-rays to carry photons, it stops the growth of tumors making it benign and removable without giving it a chance to grow. For some reason, the healthy tissue is not affected after the quick radiation burst. It’s way safer for the patient. They don’t have to live in agony for months on end.

Scientists are still researching the effects of Flash Photon Therapy. They are not entirely sure on why it only kills cancerous tissue. They believe it has something to do with the amount of oxygen in healthy cells versus that of cell in a tumor. But, it’s payback time for cancer non the less.

Aiming the device that delivers the proton burst is not an easy task. It has to be precise with a moving target. It’s like aiming in the fourth dimension due to the fact that they have to take time into consideration. Especially when it comes to areas like the lungs and heart, no one is every perfectly still. Which is why Stanford University is working on a better tracking and aiming system with their Faser division of Slac.

It will take some time for Flash Proton therapy to move from it’s testing stages to use on patients. When it’s more common place, it will hopefully prove to be a more effective method of dealing with cancer. If they can hit their mark perfectly every time, then the cancer survival rate will no longer become a coin toss. The expense will be a different story though.

Do You Like Adventuring?

Growing up, I played a bunch of open world style video games and always wondered if there was a way to make a living like that. Over the years I’ve found a few ways to live like that. It’s not always a guarantee that it’s a successful way to live. but what’s life without a bit of risk?

Here’s a list of three different ways you could live like an adventurer in the modern day:

  1. Take up a job free lancing photography: How would you like to summit pictures and earn a living off of that? You can travel and work where ever and when ever you like. With no boss and no deadlines, it’s just you playing Pokemon Snap minus the Pokemon. Gamingjobsonline is looking for photographers. So if you’re interested then give them a shot. Click here
  2. Writing is another great way to work when you want and where you want. All it takes is spelling, grammar, and a story to tell. you could travel or get into some trouble then write about it. Alternatively you could write for someone else. With writershelpwanted you can jump on their job board and find a company or website that wants to hear what you have to say. If you’re interested in their job board then check them out. Click here
  3. If you really like to travel but don’t like the lack of structure of working for yourself, then how about becoming a commercial pilot? Visit exotic lands while getting paid. All you need is an associates degree, nerves of steal, and a willingness to learn to fly. While completepilot can’t help you with the associates degree, the can help you learn how to pilot an aircraft. If you’re interested in making that dream of flying a reality, check them out. Click here